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What is referencing?
Referencing is the process of acknowledging other people’s work when you have used it in your assignment or research.
Why is referencing important?
1. It shows that your writing is based on knowledge and informed by appropriate reading. Accurate referencing is therefore a key component of academic practice.
2. If you fail to reference your sources in your essay you may be accused of plagiarism.
Plagiarism: Using the work of other people to gain some form of benefit, without formally acknowledging that the work came from someone else.
3. It shows your teacher the evidence of your research and makes certain that anyone reading your work (including yourself) can trace the sources you have used.
How to reference:
Inside your essay (‘citation’) and at the end of your essay (‘Reference List’)
When you use another person’s work in your own work, either by referring to their ideas, or by including a direct quotation, you must acknowledge this in your work.
This acknowledgement is called a citation and it should include who the author is and when it was published in brackets.
Citing one author:
Citing two or three authors:
Citing four or more authors:
(If the book has four or more authors/editors the abbreviation ‘et al’ should be used after the first author’s name)
Citing a direct quotation:
2. Reference List
At the end of your essay…
Include an alphabetical “Reference List” of all the books/websites you have used.
Include who wrote it, when it was published, what it was called and where it was published.
For a book
For a website (include the web address & date visited)
A citation generator can also be found at http://www.citethisforme.com
You can also reference and create a bibliography using Microsoft Word in the references section.
If you are struggling with referencing please don’t hesitate to come and see us in the Learning Centre and we’ll be happy to help.